HOW DOES CANNABIDIOL (CBD) WORK?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid, which is a cannabinoid derived from plants, as opposed to endocannabinoids, which are endogenous cannabinoids found in humans or animals.
Phytocannabinoids share a chemical similarity with endocannabinoids that are found throughout the body; in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. They directly interact with the body’s cannabinoid receptors and therefore play a crucial role in the functioning of the endocannabinoid system.
WHAT IS THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM (ECS)?
The endocannabinoid system is a relatively new discovery and as such we are still learning about it. It is a central regulatory biological system made up of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are distributed through the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. The endocannabinoid system, sometimes known as the ‘ECS’, is found in all mammals and affects a range of biological processes within the body.
Endocannabinoid signals are received by cannabinoid receptors known as ‘CB1’ and ‘CB2’. The largest concentration of ‘CB1’ receptors are found in the brain. ‘CB2’ receptors are also found in the brain, but in much smaller numbers, whilst they are also found in the peripheral body, in all tissue types, but especially in the immune system. Both phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids can bind to these cannabinoid receptors.
The endocannabinoid system is involved in regulating a variety of physiological and cognitive processes throughout the body and helps maintain homeostasis.
WHAT DOES ‘WHOLE PLANT’, ’FULL PLANT’ OR ‘FULL SPECTRUM’ MEAN?
‘Whole Plant’, ‘Full Plant’ or ‘Full Spectrum’ are terms that refer to the type of extract that is used in the creation of a product, and therefore refer to the compounds that are found within it.
‘Whole Plant’ extracts contain the full range of compounds that can be found in the cannabis plant it is extracted from. These include various cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, amino acids and other compounds. On the other hand, products that don’t contain a ‘Whole Plant’ extract are typically made from a broad spectrum or isolated cannabinoids and therefore don’t exhibit the entourage effect when used.
WHAT IS THE ‘ENTOURAGE EFFECT’?
The ‘entourage effect’ is the effect on the body of using a combination of cannabinoids, as opposed to a singular, isolated cannabinoid. More specifically it is the use of ‘whole plant’ extractions which also contain terpenes, flavonoids and other beneficial compounds.
All of these have varying medical properties, which, once combined provide a more holistic result.
WILL CANNABIDIOL (CBD) HELP MY ILLNESS / AILMENT?
All of our ingestible products are sold as food supplements, designed to help promote everyday wellbeing. They are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
We are not permitted to make medical claims against any of the products and therefore cannot offer advice with regards to treating illnesses or ailments. We suggest you conduct your own research, speak to our customers that have used our products and speak to your general practitioner for advice on using Cannabidiol (CBD).
WHAT IS THE BEST DELIVERY METHOD FOR CANNABIDIOL (CBD)?
The primary methods of delivery, in order of absorption rate, are:
- inhalation (using a vaporiser or vaping CBD infused e-liquid)
- sublingual (dropping oil or a tincture under the tongue)
- topical (applying salves or oils to the skin)
- ingestion (swallowing a capsule, food or drink).
Each of the delivery methods has a different bioavailability (or absorption rate), which determines the speed at which Cannabidiol (CBD) starts to take effect within the body. It also has an effect on amount of Cannabidiol (CBD) that is absorbed, how long it lasts and how it is distributed throughout the body.
Administration is therefore a very important factor when deciding which product to buy, and your choice will often depend on the reason why you are using Cannabidiol (CBD).
WILL I GET ‘HIGH’?
No, you will not get ‘high’ using Cannabidiol (CBD) products.
All products that are legally sold in the UK/IOM contain less than 1mg of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) per product, which is the cannabinoid that has psychoactive properties and is responsible for the ‘high’ feeling and the THC cannot be easily separated.
CAN CANNABIDIOL (CBD) INTERFERE WITH MEDICATIONS OR OTHER FOOD SUPPLEMENTS?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is understood to be broken down in the liver by an enzyme called cytochrome P450. This enzyme is also responsible for breaking down a large proportion of drugs that you consume, as well as toxins found within the body. Cannabidiol (CBD), therefore, can alter the processing and effectiveness of other drugs.
We strongly suggest you seek advice from your general practitioner before starting to use Cannabidiol (CBD) products if you are taking medication or other food supplements.
WHAT SERVING SHOULD I TAKE?
Servings can vary greatly from product to product, so please ensure you read the information that comes with your purchase. Dosage instructions will be printed on the packaging.
It is advised to go ‘low and slow’, which means start on a relatively low serving and gradually increase it over a period of time. All of our bodies are different, so each person has their own optimal serving for the desired effect. The reason you are using cannabidiol (CBD) will also have an impact on your serving levels.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CBD OIL AND HEMP SEED OIL?
CBD oil in these products is extracted from Cannabis Sativa L (hemp), typically from the flowers, stems or leaves of the plant. They contain a high level of cannabinoids and the most prevalent is cannabidiol (CBD).
Hemp seed oil is created solely from raw seeds and has a completely different composition to CBD oil. Hemp seed oil is often used in topical applications but is also used for food and nutrition. It has wonderful nutty flavour and a perfect nutritional balance of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids but contains no cannabinoids.
ARE THERE SIDE EFFECTS FROM USING CBD OR HEMP PRODUCTS?
Side effects are extremely rare and mild if encountered. Taking too much CBD too quickly may make you feel a little tired, may result in a dry mouth, change in appetite, mood, nausea. If this happens take a little less for a while to allow your body to get used to the CBD.
- Do not exceed suggested use and Keep out of reach of children
- Do not take if pregnant or lactating
- CBD should not be used as a substitute for a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle
- Consult a medical professional if concerned with potential interactions with existing medications or if you are thinking of utilising CBD to treat an existing condition
- This product is sold as a supplement only and is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure or prevent any disease